Heating of metallic orthodontic devices during anti-aging treatment with vacuum and electromagnetic fields: In vitro study

Antonio Scarano | Domenico Amuso | Roberto Amore | Sergio Alexandre Gehrke | Sergio Rexhep Tari


Background: The physical appearance of an individual plays a primary role as it influences the opinion of the viewer. For this reason, orthodontic therapy to improve perceived aesthetics is in high demand among patients. This factor, combined with the increase in the number of non-invasive facial aesthetic treatments, has led to the need to understand potential risk factors in the application of medical devices to the perioral skin in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro heating of the orthodontic bracket following electromagnetic fields and negative pressure (V-EMF) used as an anti-aging treatment.

Methods: Two different types of titanium alloy wires, one made of “beta-Titanium” alloy and the other “Ni-Ti” (DW Lingual Systems GmbH—Bad Essen—Germany) were used. The orthodontic wires and brackets mounted on a resin mouth were covered with porcine muscle tissue, then subjected to anti-aging therapy with a Bi-one Life-TouchTherapy medical device (Expo Italia Srl—Florence—Italy) which generates a combination of vacuum and electromagnetic fields (V-EMF) already adopted for antiaging therapy. During administration of the therapy, the orthodontic brackets and porcine tissue were thermally monitored using aWavetek Materman TMD90 thermal probe (Willtek Communications GmbH—Germany). In total 20 orthodontic mouths were used, 10 with Beta Titanium wires and 10 with Nickel Titanium wires.

Results: A temperature increase of about 1◦C was recorded in each group.
The outcome of the present research shows that the absolute temperatures measured on orthodontic appliances, which, despite having a slightly different curve, both show an increase in temperature of 1.1◦C at the end of the session, thus falling well within the safety range of 2◦C as specified by the standard CENELEC EN 45502-1. Therefore, V-EMF therapy can be considered safe for the entire dental system and for metal prostheses, which tend to heat up at most as much as biological tissue (+0.9◦C/1.1◦C vs. 1.1◦C/1.1◦C).